Italia: Gli attuali impegni svolti dal presidente Draghi

Il Presidente del Consiglio, Mario Draghi, ha incontrato all’Eliseo il Presidente della Repubblica francese, Emmanuel Macron, per una cena di lavoro.

Il Presidente del Consiglio, Mario Draghi, ha firmato i Dpcm di nomina del Presidente Stefano Bonaccini e del Presidente Eugenio Giani Commissari straordinari per i rigassificatori rispettivamente della Regione Emilia-Romagna e della Regione Toscana.
Le opere saranno finalizzate all’incremento della capacità di stoccaggio e rigassificazione nazionale mediante unità galleggianti e saranno collegate alle reti di trasporto esistenti a livello regionale.

I Commissari Bonaccini e Giani comunicheranno alla Presidenza del Consiglio, al Ministro della Transizione ecologica e al Ministero delle Infrastrutture e della mobilità sostenibili le istanze relative alla realizzazione delle opere nonché i progetti autorizzati.

Il Presidente del Consiglio, Mario Draghi, è intervenuto alla cerimonia di apertura della Riunione ministeriale del Consiglio dell’Organizzazione per la Cooperazione e lo Sviluppo Economico (OCSE).
La Riunione, che si concluderà venerdì 10 giugno, è presieduta dall’Italia, con la Norvegia e il Messico Vice Presidenti, e verte sul tema “Il futuro che vogliamo: politiche migliori per la prossima generazione e una transizione sostenibile”.

Secretary General,
President Macky Sall,
President Zelensky,
Distinguished Ministers,
Ladies and Gentlemen,

It is a great pleasure to chair this OECD Ministerial Council Meeting.
I would like to thank the Secretary General and all the OECD staff for your excellent work – in particular in the area of global taxation.
The agreement we struck last year during Italy’s G20 Presidency is historic.
We must implement it quickly to make the world economy fairer, stronger and more inclusive.

Today’s meeting focuses on the future generations and on the green transition all over the world, in particular in Africa.
As we build a better economic model for tomorrow, we must start by addressing the challenges we face today.
As the latest OECD Economic Outlook shows, Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has led to a significant worsening of growth prospects and a sharp increase in inflation expectations.
Central banks have started to tighten monetary policy, leading to an increase in borrowing costs.
The disruption of food supply chains – in particular of wheat – has pushed up prices and risks causing a humanitarian catastrophe.

The G7 and the European Union have shown remarkable unity in supporting Ukraine and in putting pressure on Moscow to end hostilities and resume negotiations.
The European Union alone has devised six packages of sanctions that have dealt an important blow to the oligarchs close to the Kremlin and to key sectors of the Russian economy.
For our efforts to be fully effective, they must be sustainable over time and bring on board emerging and developing economies.
We must match the resolve we have shown towards Ukraine with the same determination in helping our own citizens and those in the poorest parts of the world, especially in Africa.
Our efforts to prevent a food crisis must start from Ukraine’s Black Sea ports.
We need to unblock the millions of tonnes of cereals that are stuck there because of the conflict.
The United Nations’ mediation efforts are significant steps, and I think, unfortunately, the only ones.
We have to offer President Zelensky the assurances he needs that the ports will not be attacked.
And we must continue to support recipient countries, much like the European Union is doing with its Food and Resilience Facility.

Together with energy, food prices are contributing to drive up the inflation rate in richer countries too.
In the euro area, prices rose by 8.1% in May compared to a year earlier.
However, if we exclude items such as energy and food, the increase is only around half of that – a significant jump, but much less than in the United States.
In some countries, this so-called “core inflation” is even lower: in Italy, it stood at 2.9% in May.
Unemployment is just below 7% in the euro area, while consumption remains under its pre-pandemic levels.
These are all signs that there is still spare capacity in the economy.
So, at least in the European Union, rising inflation is not wholly the sign of overheating, but largely the result of a series of supply shocks.

Wages must recover their purchasing power, but without creating a price-wage spiral that would result, in turn, in even higher interest rates.
We must reduce energy prices and offer financial support to families and businesses, especially those in greatest need.
The European Council last week endorsed the possibility of imposing, of considering, a price cap on Russian gas imports.
This measure would constrain the increase in the inflation rate, support disposable incomes and reduce our financial flows to Moscow. Of course, discussions are still going on and the road ahead may be long.
There is also a very strong case for employing direct government transfers, targeted at the poorest, while maintaining the sustainability of public finances.
Responsibility and solidarity must go hand in hand – at national but also at European level.
In Italy we levied a windfall tax on the excessive profits that utilities have made because of the energy shock and we used the revenues to curtail gas and electricity bills for the most vulnerable.
In the European Union, we must consider replicating some of the joint tools that have helped us recover swiftly from the pandemia.
SURE – the Temporary Support to Mitigate Unemployment Risks in an Emergency – provided cheap and stable loans to the European Union member states so that they could save jobs and support incomes.
A similar instrument – this time targeting energy – could ensure vulnerable countries have more room to help their citizens at a time of crisis.
It would shore up popular support for our joint sanctions effort and contribute to preserving financial stability across the euro area.

The response to the crisis resulting from the invasion of Ukraine must not, however, distract us from the long-term policies that will benefit future generations.
Covid-19 has exposed the fragilities of our healthcare systems.
We want to stimulate investment and make the world better prepared for future pandemics.
Speeding up the energy transition is essential to move towards a more sustainable growth model while, at the same time, reducing our dependence on Russia.
We must facilitate the expansion of renewable energy – in both high- and low-income countries – and further promote research and development in new, clean energy solutions.
This means, for example, strengthening our green hydrogen architecture, boosting efficiency, developing smart and resilient grids.
This emergency is not, and should not be, an excuse to betray our climate objectives, but a reason to double down on our efforts.

Since its creation more than 60 years ago, the OECD has been instrumental in promoting policies that foster growth and employment and in facilitating their uptake among its member states.
At this difficult time for the world economy, your role is more important than ever.
Thank you.


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